Act 1 of as amended up to U. Act 4 of ] [January 26, ] As Passed by the Uttar Pradesh State Legislature [Authoritative English text of the Uttar Pradesh Zamindari Vinash aur Bhumi-Vyavastha Adhiniyam] An Act to provide for the abolition of the Zamindari System which involves intermediaries between the tiller of the soil and the State in Uttar Pradesh and for the acquisition of their rights, title and interest and to reform the law relating to land tenure consequent upon such abolition and acquisition and to make provision for other matters connected therewith Whereas it is expedient to provide for the abolition of the Zamindari system which involves intermediaries between the tiller of the soil and the State in Uttar Pradesh and for the acquisition of their rights, title and interest and to reform the law relating to land tenure consequent on such abolition and acquisition and to make provision for other matters connected therewith; It is hereby enacted as follows: Statement of Objects and Reasons. The Zamindari Abolition Committee, appointed in pursuance of the Assembly resolution, after careful consideration of the various aspects of this complex problem, submitted its report containing a detailed scheme for the abolition of zamindari and its replacement by a land tenure suited to the genius and traditions of our country. The landlord-tenant system established by the British for reasons of expediency and administrative convenience, should, with the dawn of political freedom, give place to a new order which restores to the cultivator the right and the freedom which were his and to the village community the supremacy which it exercised over all the elements of village life.
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The name of the Act itself suggestions that it was created for the abolition of Zamindari System, to reform the law relating to land tenure system and to make provision for other matters connected therewith. Part one consists with chapters 1 to 6. Part two consists with chapters 6 to There are total 12 chapters,Seven Schedule and sections. Salient features of the Act.
Zamindari system was British creation for expediency and administrative convenience. The Zamindari System has always been criticised because it was against our traditional principles and ideology. Therefore the Act abolished the Zamindari System from July 1, Section 4 of the UPZA provides that after the commencement of the Act, the State Government may by notification declare that all estate situated in Uttar Pradesh shall vest in the State free from all encumbrances. The UPZA is not confiscatory in nature.
Section 27 read with section 54 of the Act provides that every intermediary whose rights, title or interest in any estate are acquired under the provisions of this Act shall be entitled to receive and be paid compensation. The compensation is to be paid to them equal to eight times of their net assets.
Payment of Rehabilitation Grant. In other words intermediary paying land revenue more than Rs. Thekadar is not entitled to Rehabilitation Grant. Compensation is payable at the uniform rate of eight times of the net income but rehabilitation grant is payable on the graded rates ranging from one to 20 times of the net income. The rehabilitation grant is maximum for low income and minimum for those who has large income. Cultivating rights maintained.
In other words the Act maintained the cultivating rights of every person whether he be a Zamindar or any other person. Land — tenure system simplified. Prior to the enforcement of Zamindari Abolition Act, there were fourteen variety of land tenures. Bhumidhar with transferable rights.
Bhumidhar with non transferable rights ,B c. In October, all Adhiwasi were made Sirdar. So at present there are 3 types of tenure holders. Prohibition of letting and sub-letting of land. If tenure holders lets his land his right shall come to an end. However section provides certain grounds on which, the persons who are unable to cultivate may let out the the holdings. Prohibition for the accumulation of land. Section 3 which has been inserted in , is an exception to the above mandate.
According to this clause with the previous approval of State Government any one can cross this limit. But the second proviso of section 3 , inserted by amendment of , states that if the State Government is satisfied that such transfer has been made in public interest then the State Government may exempt him from the fine.
Land of common utility. The land of public utility have been vested in Gram Sabha. Development of village republic. Panchayati Raj Act, Land Management Committee is the special executive body of Gaon Sabha.
All lands of public utility vested in the Gaon Sabha. This makes the village a small republic. Uniform rule of succession. Under UPZA law of succession has been made universal for all the tenure holders irrespective of their religion. There is two situation in the Act which can disturbs the universal rule of succession these are — Declaration under section Execution of will under section Prohibition on uneconomic holdings.
By the amendment on this restriction has been removed. The restriction imposed by section A has now been repealed. Provisions for Co-operative farming. In order to encourage Co-operative farming under UPZA the concept of co — operative farming has been adopted. Section to are related with co -operative farming. But now these provisions have been repealed by section 3 of The Co — Operative Society Act, The result of the sections 3 and 4 is that the provisions relating to co-operative farming has been taken out from UPZA and contained in The Co-operative Society Act, Wells, trees and buildings settled with the existing owners.
All wells, trees and buildings has been settled with the existing owners. Section 9 of the UPZA provides it. References 1. Chapter IV sections 65 to 72 2. Chapter V Sec. Section
Uttar Pradesh Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, 1950 
U.P. Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, 1950
U.p. act 001 of 1951 : Uttar Pradesh Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, 1950
Salient features of the Uttar Pradesh Zamindari Abolition and land reforms Act 1950.