SAMARA SUTRADHARA PDF

The description is certainly obscure in parts especially given the corrupt manuscripts , but what can be made sense of in the account definitely describes a flying machine. Many years ago when we had talked about this and both Mis-creant and dvipakSha-kesha expressed their skepticism that anything like this could have ever been really mentioned in the Hindu texts. After all, they chimed, there is enough reason to believe that the vaimAnika shAstra was a hoax of a text. So, I took these two to the library of Samskrit texts where I had a special inner access and showed them the text.

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The description is certainly obscure in parts especially given the corrupt manuscripts , but what can be made sense of in the account definitely describes a flying machine. Many years ago when we had talked about this and both Mis-creant and dvipakSha-kesha expressed their skepticism that anything like this could have ever been really mentioned in the Hindu texts. After all, they chimed, there is enough reason to believe that the vaimAnika shAstra was a hoax of a text. So, I took these two to the library of Samskrit texts where I had a special inner access and showed them the text.

Now many years later while planning new scripts for nATaka-s we ended up talking of it again- of course starting with the famous topic: did Hindus have an airplane?

Raghavan in his essay on Hindu machines, are inclined to believe that vimAna was a real flying machine. But the other erudite scholar Vasudevasharan Agarwala who re-edited the SS with a new manuscript believes it is imaginary. While I fully admit that the description given by the king can hardly be used to make a vimAna today, one can glean some prominent features of it: 1 It was made of light wood- at least conceptually it was something light so as to fly.

These are heated by a slow fire from an iron heating vessel. Now the SS is fairly serious about this mercury power business: Immediately after the vimAna, king bhoja mentions a yantra powered by heated mercury again, which is used for duShTa-gajochchATana over-throwing of enemy elephants. The possibility of engine using mercury comes to mind — between the there were experimental engine designs The William Emmet engines using Hg as the working fluid used in power plants. While they were more efficient than the steam turbines, cost and hazards of mercury put an end to the endeavors.

However, the possibility of such devices powering flight is considered remote by engineers. Having reached the end of this line of inquiry, we looked at comparative evidence from other texts and civilization.

In the west the invention of the engine is normally attributed to a yavana sage Hero of Alexandria who composed on mechanics around CE. One of his devices is the aeolipile, which literally means the door of wind Aeolus and his 11 sons the Aeolii being wind deities. His collections include water machines Pneumatica , machines for creating wonders in temples like opening temple doors, statues that pour libations etc. Automata , figures the move and perform drama automata theater , directions for architects, including means of lifting heavy objects Mechanica and siege and war machines Belopoeica.

These parallels are reminiscent of such other similarities between the Greek and Hindu worlds. In particular the use of wonders in temples, which appears to be very important for Hero of Alexandria, is a critical aspect of the Neo-Platonic religious thought theurgy , along with temple construction and image-veneration.

This cultural element has so much in parallel with India that it is not surprising to find yantra-s in a Hindu work that otherwise deals with religious architecture in large measure. Thus, irrespective of their place of origin, we may surmise that ideas for mechanical devices, along with many other scientific, pagan religious, cultural and mathematical ideas, were very much a part of the shared ancient thought system that encompassed bhArata and Greece.

Given the aeolipile, it is not impossible that Hindu-s devised some version of an engine perhaps rotary with Hg as the working fluid the howls of the skeptics and the toxicity of mercury notwithstanding. While I am personally skeptical about how such a device might have powered flight, we should at least credit bhoja with a rather prescient bit of thinking: using an engine to power an aircraft. Finally, one yantra mentioned by king bhoja caught my attention — the sUryAdi-graha-gati-pradarshana-paraM gola-bhramaNaM.

The king says SS Thus, bhoja-deva describes a yantra that simulates the solar system. This immediately brings to mind the recently described analysis of an ancient artifact that was discovered in a ship-wreck over years ago- the Antikythera mechanism from Greece. It is interpreted as a mechanical device to simulate the sun, moon and probably planets and successfully compute eclipses. That, such devices were used in the yavana world, is confirmed by a statement by the Roman author Cicero who saw the device captured from Archimedes by the Roman general Marcellus.

But in both places the violent visitations of the Abrahamistic madness obliterated or defaced these old worlds. This is a point often overlooked by many, especially in the West. Share this:.

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Samar (name)

The guests were shown all the rare collections of Sanskrit scriptures and literature, painstakingly gathered from various sources. It was indeed an impressive collection. But there was one small handwritten note book which surprised them the most. What were the contents of that book?

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Arashijar The Samara Sutradhara is a scientific treatises dealing with every possible facet sutradharx air travel in a vimana. Ancient craftsmen developed a variety of techniques, including using mercury like a glue to apply thin films of metals to objects. Josyer International Academy of Sanskrit Research Of special concern among these were the military planes whose functions samara sutradhara delineated in samarq very considerable detail and which read today like something clean out of science fiction. Construction has halted while the site is under investigation. This cultural element has so much in parallel with India that it is not surprising to find yantra-s in a Hindu work that otherwise deals with religious architecture in large measure. Who is smara mother of Lord Shiva?

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