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Dajar Johann Reuchlin And while the obscurantists escaped easily at Rome, with only a half condemnation, they received a crushing blow in Germany. The controversy came, by order of the pope, before the Bishop of Speyer, who in decided in geuchlin of Reuchlin.
He divided the Jewish literature into various classes, arriving at the conclusion that the Talmudthe Zoharand johannn commentaries of RashiKimhi, Ibn Ezra, GersonidesNachmanides, and others should be preserved. Furthermore, the Jews, being as such under the protection of the German empire, could not be accused of heresy against Christianity.
You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. While the controversy raged around him, Reuchlin continued his scholarly work, concentrating even more intensely on Hebrew studies. There, due to his ability in Latin, he was chosen to accompany Frederick, the third son of the prince, to the University of Pariswhere Frederick was destined for an ecclesiastical career.
Important new Christian discourses on Judaism and anti-Semitism emerged from the clash of Renaissance humanism with this potent anti-Jewish campaign. For many years Reuchlin had been increasingly absorbed in Hebrew studieswhich had for him more than a mere philological interest.
A violent controversy developed between the humanists supporting Reuchlin and the clericals and powers of the Inquisition supporting Pfefferkorn.
Pfefferkorn denounced him reuchllin Handspiegel, and Reuchlin replied bitterly in Augenspiegel Here, too, printing was a crucial factor, for it made available a host of lexicographical and grammatical handbooks and allowed the establishment of normative biblical texts and the comparison of different versions of the Bible. After a visit to the famous library of J. New International Encyclopedia 1st ed. On 7 October they, along with the inquisitor Jacob van Hoogstraatenobtained an imperial order confiscating the Augenspiegel.
The edition was costly and sold slowly. The result was a flood of pamphlets, of which jphann most famous was the savage satire epistolae obscurorum virorum.
He argued that these writings contained important historical information for Christians as well as Jews, and also that they were useful for theology and science. Although the decision was set aside, Reuchlin had been vindicated, and soon the intellectual world would be distracted reuchpin the advent of the Protestant Reformation.
Reuchlin did not long enjoy his victory over his accusers in peace. This unprecedented effort to end the practice of Judaism throughout the empire was challenged by Jewish communities and also, unexpectedly, by Johannes Reuchlin, the founder of Christian Hebrew studies.
Ancient GreekHebrewlawChristian mysticism. The matter was brought before reuchlkn Lateran Council at its session ofwhich decided in favor of Reuchlin. Views Read Edit View history. Celebrated German humanistb. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
He urged the forcible conversion of all Jews and obtained imperial permission to confiscate Jewish books. Heinrich Cornelius AgrippaPhilip Melanchthon. In, and Reuchlin issued pamphlets defending his own position and the value to Christian scholars of Hebrew literature. The Reuchlin affair caused a wide rift in the church and eventually the case came before the papal court in Rome.
With the monks he had never been liked; at Stuttgart also his great enemy was the Augustinian Conrad Holzinger. Reuchlin therefore quickly accepted the invitation of Johann von Dalbergfeuchlin scholarly bishop of Worms, to go to Heidelberg, where he was appointed to make translations from the classical Greek authors.
Herkunft[ Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten ] Reuchlin wurde am Am Reuchlin in den erblichen Adelsstand und verlieh ihm das Ehrenamt eines Hofpfalzgrafen. Die Ehe blieb kinderlos.
JOHANN REUCHLIN PDF
Early life[ edit ] Johann Reuchlin was born at Pforzheim in the Black Forest in , where his father was an official of the Dominican monastery. He remained fond of his home town; he constantly calls himself Phorcensis, and in the De Verbo he ascribes to Pforzheim his inclination towards literature. Reuchlin soon left Basel to seek further Greek training with George Hermonymus at Paris, and to learn to write a fair Greek hand that he might support himself by copying manuscripts. And now he felt that he must choose a profession. Reuchlin was selected for this post, and in February left Stuttgart for Florence and Rome. In he was again in Italy. In his rising reputation had been greatly enhanced by the publication of De Verbo Mirifico.
Naast Hendrik Bolhuis en Wessel van der Brugge was hij een van de drie Nederlandse opvarenden aan boord van de RMS Titanic , die op 15 april zonk na een aanvaring met een ijsberg. Reuchlin overleefde net als zijn twee landgenoten deze ramp niet. Hij volgde in de voetsporen van zijn vader en was eerst bureauchef van het bedrijf, alvorens zelf directeur te worden. In trouwde hij met Agatha Maria Elink Schuurman. Zij hadden drie kinderen: Henri, Carolina en Maarten. Reuchlin voer mee op de Titanic op uitnodiging van de rederij White Star Line , die hoopte dat Reuchlin, die toen directeur van de HAL was, onder de indruk zou zijn van het schip. Reuchlin liet per telex het thuisfront weten dat hij tevreden was met het schip.
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