JEAN MONNET MEMOIRS PDF

Save this story for later. When the disease reached the Continent, it was almost as if countries became oblivious of their neighbors—the tenets of the union seemed to vanish when they were needed most. From Germany to Spain, governments treated the transnational health crisis as they would a terrorist threat: as a domestic issue. Borders across the Schengen Area closed, the single market was called into question, and each country adopted its own public-health measures. Silvestro Scotti, the head of the National Federation of Doctors and General Practitioners, spoke about the tragic toll that the disease has taken on health workers in Italy, where more than a hundred doctors have died battling the virus.

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Save this story for later. When the disease reached the Continent, it was almost as if countries became oblivious of their neighbors—the tenets of the union seemed to vanish when they were needed most. From Germany to Spain, governments treated the transnational health crisis as they would a terrorist threat: as a domestic issue. Borders across the Schengen Area closed, the single market was called into question, and each country adopted its own public-health measures.

Silvestro Scotti, the head of the National Federation of Doctors and General Practitioners, spoke about the tragic toll that the disease has taken on health workers in Italy, where more than a hundred doctors have died battling the virus.

Each of the experts offered insight into how European countries responded to the worst pandemic in a century. With more than twenty-two thousand fatalities, Italy has the highest death toll of any European nation, followed by Spain and France. However distinct the approach taken by each government may have been, all three countries have had to confront similar challenges: securing medical provisions, protecting health-care workers, and finding ways to reduce the daily number of new cases.

Their measures of success—or failure—reflect a lasting disparity in resources, evident in the number of available critical-care beds or the budget allocated for health. According to the O. Such disparities will become all the more evident in the months to come, as members of the E.

Here, again, national self-interests will hover over the principle of solidarity. Euroskeptic voices will likely emerge stronger in the aftermath of the pandemic, and parties such as the anti-E. Five Star Movement will no doubt exploit the fact that Italy had to turn to China for help, after the E. Fundamentally, there is still time for Europe to show that the sum of its solutions can prove greater than its missteps.

A Guide to the Coronavirus How to practice social distancing , from responding to a sick housemate to the pros and cons of ordering food. Can survivors help cure the disease and rescue the economy? The long crusade of Dr. Anthony Fauci , the infectious-disease expert pinned between Donald Trump and the American people.

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Jean Monnet Quotes

Monnet was well situated by birth for the role he would play in history; as the eldest son of a brandy-making family in Cognac, he was oriented very early toward international trade, traveling extensively in the early s to find foreign markets for the Monnet label. From his memoirs, it is clear that he never developed a sense of nationality, a rarity for a Frenchman--there was Cognac and then the world, with Paris a mere stopover. Monnet helped consolidate Allied shipping in World War I, was a member of the Secretariat of the League of Nations, made, lost, and made fortunes as an international investment banker between the wars, and coordinated Allied weapons production before the outbreak of World War II. In , he was one of the architects of the abortive plan to unite Britain and France into a single political entity aimed at keeping France in the war against Germany. Today, this first attempt at trans-national citizenship is limping along toward the European Parliament, as doubtful of success as ever. Monnet has worked with or for virtually every major Western political figure since World War I, from Wilson to DeGaulle and Churchill to Brandt, and traveled between countries as readily as others travel by subway. His lack of national sensitivity helped to place him above the ""petty"" concerns of domestic politics, but also blinded him to that dimension of political experience.

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