ISO 21127 PDF

Information and documentation — A reference ontology for the interchange of cultural heritage information This standard has been revised by ISO Abstract ISO establishes guidelines for the exchange of information between cultural heritage institutions. In simple terms this can be defined as the curated knowledge of museums. A more detailed definition can be articulated by defining both the intended scope, a broad and maximally inclusive definition of general principles, and the practical scope, which is defined by reference to a set of specific museum documentation standards and practices. The intended scope of ISO is defined as the exchange and integration of heterogeneous scientific documentation relating to museum collections. This definition requires further elaboration: The term "scientific documentation" is intended to convey the requirement that the depth and quality of descriptive information that can be handled by ISO need be sufficient for serious academic research.

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ISO Information and documentation - A reference ontology for the interchange of cultural heritage information ISO establishes guidelines for the exchange of information between cultural heritage institutions.

In simple terms this can be defined as the curated knowledge of museums. A more detailed definition can be articulated by defining both the intended scope, a broad and maximally inclusive definition of general principles, and the practical scope, which is defined by reference to a set of specific museum documentation standards and practices.

The intended scope of ISO is defined as the exchange and integration of heterogeneous scientific documentation relating to museum collections. This definition requires further elaboration: The term "scientific documentation" is intended to convey the requirement that the depth and quality of descriptive information that can be handled by ISO need be sufficient for serious academic research. This does not mean that information intended for presentation to members of the general public is excluded, but rather that ISO is intended to provide the level of detail and precision expected and required by museum professionals and researchers in the field.

The term "museum collections" is intended to cover all types of material collected and displayed by museums and related institutions, as defined by ICOM. This includes collections, sites, and monuments relating to fields such as social history, ethnography, archaeology, fine and applied arts, natural history, history of sciences and technology. The documentation of collections includes the detailed description of individual items within collections, groups of items and collections as a whole.

ISO is specifically intended to cover contextual information i. The exchange of relevant information with libraries and archives, and harmonization with their models, falls within the intended scope of ISO Information required solely for the administration and management of cultural institutions, such as information relating to personnel, accounting, and visitor statistics, falls outside the intended scope of ISO The practical scope of ISO is the set of reference standards for museum documentation that have been used to guide and validate its development.

ISO covers the same domain of discourse as the union of these reference documents; this means that data correctly encoded according to any of these reference documents can be expressed in a compatible form, without any loss of meaning.

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CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model

Initially, until , the work focused on developing an entity-relationship model for museum information, however, in , the approach shifted to object-oriented modeling methodologies, resulting in the first "CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model CRM " in Aims[ edit ] The overall aim of the CIDOC CRM is to provide a reference model and information standard that museums, and other cultural heritage institutions, can use to describe their collections, and related business entities, to improve information sharing. It is intended to be a common language for domain experts and implementers to formulate requirements for information systems and to serve as a guide for good practice of conceptual modelling. In this way, it can provide the "semantic glue" needed to mediate between different sources of cultural heritage information, such as that published by museums, libraries and archives. Thus, CIDOC CRM is well placed to become an important information standard and reference model for Semantic Web initiatives, and serves as a guide for data , or database , modeling more generally. The aim of this initiative is to "provide a formal ontology intended to capture and represent the underlying semantics of bibliographic information and to facilitate the integration, mediation, and interchange of bibliographic and museum information.

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ISO 21127:2006

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