He had a special disdain, however, for schools that specialized in religious studies only, and sought to demonstrate that local schools that held regular academic classes as well as classes in religion were more beneficial to their pupils than religious schools with lopsided curricula. At this time, Qutb developed his bent against the imams and their traditional approach to education. This confrontation would persist throughout his life. During his early career, Qutb devoted himself to literature as an author and critic, writing such novels as Ashwak Thorns and even helped to elevate Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz from obscurity. In the early s, he encountered the work of Nobel Prize -winner French eugenicist Alexis Carrel , who would have a seminal and lasting influence on his criticism of Western civilization , as "instead of liberating man, as the post- Enlightenment narrative claimed, he believed that Western modernity enmeshed people in spiritually numbing networks of control and discipline, and that rather than building caring communities, it cultivated attitudes of selfish individualism.
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Conclusions[ edit ] From a social and political standpoint, some of the more important conclusions Qutb drew in his interpretation include: On freedom of religion: Islam came to declare and establish the great universal principle that: "There shall be no compulsion in religion.
The right way is henceforth distinct from error. Here lies the essence of human emancipation which 20th-century authoritarian and oppressive ideologies and regimes have denied mankind. Modern man has been deprived of the right to choose and live other than according to what is dictated by the state, using the full force of its colossal machinery, laws and powers.
People are today given the choice only to adhere to the secular state system, which does not allow for a belief in God as the Creator and Master of the world, or to face annihilation.
Freedom of belief is the most basic right that identifies man as a human being. To deny anyone this right is to deny him or her humanity. That is tyranny: ignorant and stupid, but at the same time arrogant and conceited. He divided his people into casts, one group of which he persecuted, putting their sons to death and sparing only their daughters.
Truly, he was an evildoer. This is characteristic of tyranny everywhere, in all periods of history. It still resorts today to the same methods it employed centuries ago. The form and appearance may have changed, but the nature and means remains the same. Again, in the commentary on Surah 5 : The Muslim world has often faced problems as a result of Jewish conspiracies ever since the early days of Islam. History has recorded the wicked opposition of the Jews to Islam right from its first day in Medina.
Their scheming against Islam has continued since then to the present moment, and they continue to be its leaders, nursing their wicked grudges and always resorting to treacherous schemes to undermine Islam.