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Very few cars have influenced the automotive industry as much as the Toyota Corolla has. First Generation It all started with the first-gen Corolla,codenamed E10, back in Initially, it was only offered in Japan, but it found its way over to the United States two years later, in The Corolla was an overnight success. Its stand-out features made it an international best-seller.
North American variants came with either a 1. What made the Corolla so special, however, was its selling price. Second Generation Toyota decided to roll out a brand-new Corolla in , just four short years after the first-generation made its debut. This would set the precedent for how the Corolla story unfolded for years to come. From here on out, Toyota would roll out a new generation every four years, and introduce a major facelift every two years.
The second-gen car, also known as the E20, featured improved front suspension design for better handling, but also a slightly longer wheelbase for greater comfort. The 1. They also introduced a 1.
Toyota also introduced a brand-new body variant in the form of a two-door coupe, known as the S5 and SR5 a lot of you might know it as the Levin, its Japanese name. The second-gen SR5 was also the first time Toyota decided to shoehorn a bigger and more powerful double overhead camshaft DOHC engine donated from a larger model into the Corolla. The E20 Corolla was the second best-selling car worldwide the year of its debut.
Third Generation By the time the third-generation model rolled out in , Toyota had already established what they wanted to do with the Corolla and how they were going to position it on the market. They made it more robust, with sharper lines and more aggressive styling. As a result, sales were underwhelming in Japan, but the car sold in record-breaking numbers here in the States.
The third-gen Corolla, now sporting E30 and E50 monikers, was initially offered with 1. Fourth Generation With the introduction of the fourth-gen E70 Corolla, Toyota also introduced some of the most drastic and noticeable design changes to their best-selling model. They simplified the design of the Corolla, making it a lot more square and boxy.
The bigger 1. Other changes included a brand-new rack and pinion-type steering which offered more feedback, as well as modern rear coil spring five-link setup.
The end result spoke for itself. By March of , Toyota had sold well over 10 million Corollas worldwide. The E80 Corolla is widely regarded as one of the most popular Corollas to date, as some 3. The fifth-generation Corolla also spawned what might be the purest sports car, in every sense of the word, to date: the legendary rear-wheel drive AE The 4A-C engine found in the fifth-gen Corolla was available in two variants: a carbureted one developing 90 horsepower, and a fuel-injected model producing horsepower in the form of the 4A-GE.
With the E90, Toyota got rid of the rear-wheel drive variants such as the AE86, making the model essentially an FF platform. In a joint venture between GM and Toyota, they decided to rebadge the Corolla and sell it under the Geo Prizm nameplate.
The North American engine range consisted of three different 1. Although most Corollas of this generation were front-wheel drive, Toyota did offer the four-wheel drive All-trac wagon in both Base and SR5 trim level from to Seventh Generation By the time the E Corolla made its debut in , the once sub-compact hatch had grown in size substantially.
With a 97 inch wheelbase, it now occupied the space once held by the Corona and the Toyota Camry , having moved up to the compact size class. Once again, Toyota decided to go with a much more elegant and curvy exterior, getting rid of the boxy styling found on the E In North America, the Corolla was offered with two different engines: a 1.
Both engines were further available in two different trim variants, but power was broadly similar across the entire engine lineup, ranging from to horsepower. By the end of , the Corolla had become the best-selling car in history, surpassing even the VW Beetle. Eighth Generation The eight-gen E Corolla made its debut in , but its launch in North America was delayed until mid Built in either Cambridge, Ontario, or Fremont, California, the E was only offered as a four-door compactsedan.
All Corollas were powered by a 1. Base models came equipped with either a 3-speed automatic or 5-speed manual transmission, but midrange and luxury trims were also available with the smoother four-speed auto. Compared to the rest of the world, the E destined for North America featured a different styling, as well as a bigger, more practical body. It was based on the Corolla Altis, a model which was distributed across Southeast Asia.
The 1ZZ-FE engine was essentially a carry-over from the E, except Toyota decided to bump up the power to horsepower. However, they also introduced a sporty XRS model in , carrying a much more powerful 1. Tenth Generation Toyota revealed the E Corolla in , some forty years after the Corolla was first conceived. To satisfy ever-increasing needs from its customers, Toyota threw everything they had at the E It was a brand-new car both inside and out.
It took a lot of styling cues from its bigger brother, the Camry, but it also kept some similarities with the Toyota Yaris. Overall, it was designed to be the perfect car for everyone, whether you needed a daily driver or a family hauler.
A horsepower 1. Both engines were offered with either a five-speed manual or a choice of auto, a 4-speed in the case of the 2ZR-FE and a five-speed in the case of the 2AZ-FE. Toyota also introduced a slew of new technology features in E, including an auxiliary audio jack for MP3 players, upgraded JBL audio, as well as hands-free Bluetooth mobile system.
With the facelift in , Toyota also included a new audio system with a USB port, Bluetooth, and supporting steering audio controls for said upgrades.
International markets, including North America, had to wait until when the much bigger E model arrived. Apart from some minor visual changes, the North American version is similar to the International one. The familiar 2ZR-FE with horsepower is essentially a crossover from the previous generation, but the 2ZR-FAE with horsepower introduced a significant update in the form of Valvematic. Available with a four-speed auto and a six-speed manual, the E also marked the first time Toyota added their constantly-variable transmission CVT to the North American Corolla lineup.
In July of , Toyota had officially sold over 40 million examples of the Corolla, achieving something no other manufacturer has managed to accomplish. Twelfth Generation With the E Corolla introduced in , Toyota decided to completely revamp their most popular model and give it a new life. Originally introduced as a hatchback in the United States, the Corolla went on sale in late equipped with a 2. In early , Toyota added the Corolla sedan to its lineup, as well as a brand-new engine.
At the moment, estimates state that Toyota is selling over 1, Corollas every day in the United States. Or, in other words, over 40 Corollas an hour. Get notified for new files? Email Spam free, max one email a month. Toyota Corolla Manuals Index.
Toyota Corolla Service and Repair Manuals
2006 Toyota Corolla Owners Manual Free Pdf